There’s a very real possibility that increases in muscle size do not correlate well with increases in muscle strength. If true, this could mean that the standard hypertrophy phase of training is less important and may not even need to be programmed in sports where hypertrophy itself is not crucial.
Do early chronotypes select morning sports or does early morning training cause a chronotype shift? Understanding an athlete’s chronotype and its impact on their performance may help develop the optimal training program.
Ultimately, what gets done in practice—as well as what doesn’t—carries over into competition. Craig Pickering considers the way that potential solutions to improve penalty shoot-out results in soccer can be applied to develop better sprint relay performance.
Beyond creatine’s role as a strength-enhancing supplement, research shows that it may have other potential uses as a sports performance aid. Creatine may serve as an agent to improve cognitive abilities, prevent disuse atrophy in injured athletes, and help with recovery from concussions.
The goal of the warm-up is to enhance subsequent performance. Yet after completing the warm-up at many high-level competitions, the athlete undergoes a long period of inactivity in the call room. Here is a guide on how best to enhance performance on the day it matters most—competition day—with various priming activities.
Mike McGuigan’s Monitoring Training and Performance in Athletes makes often-challenging concepts, particularly around statistics, easy to understand, and gives plenty of practical examples. Coaches who want to start implementing training monitoring programs, but are unsure of how to start, should read this book for direction and ideas.
A gluten-free diet has no impact on performance for athletes who do not have a gluten sensitivity or celiac disease. Unfortunately many athletes and their coaches are self-diagnosing gluten sensitivities and avoiding foods with gluten unnecessarily, which can lead to inadequate nutrition or hide symptoms of other gastrointestinal issues that should be addressed.
Although not the first book about sleep, “Why We Sleep” by Matthew Walker, presents some new concepts, such as “sleep pressure” and the caffeine-adenosine link. The book also looks at sleep from an evolutionary perspective and considers our modern requirements.
The monitoring of athlete wellness, load, and performance is a worthwhile addition to the training process, potentially protecting against overtraining syndrome, illness, and injury, and allowing for on-the-fly modifications to the training program.
Hamstring injuries are very common in sports that require running. In professional soccer, hamstring injuries account for roughly one in five of all injuries. In high-level sprinters, this rate is higher. The IAAF reports that 48% of all injuries within the 2011 World Athletics Championships were hamstring injuries. Even more concerning is the re-injury rate for hamstrings, which in professional soccer is up to 30%, and in sprinters is 38%. What this essentially means is that if you injure your hamstring once, you are at an increased risk of injuring it again. One study found in their sprinter subjects that hamstring injuries occurred roughly 0.87 times per 1000 training and competition hours. This means that a sprinter training two hours a day, five times per week, will likely have a hamstring injury once every two years.